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ahjsa_competition_rules_may_2015.pdf ahjsa_competition_rules_may_2015.pdf
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For an explanation of the Offside Rule made Easy click 'here'.

http://www.dynamic-thought.com/OffsideClicketteLo.htm

For an explanation of the Linesmans Job & Signals  click here

The following is extracted from AHJSA competition rules (see above), summarising the rules for all age groups (2 pages)

For a quick reference to the Rules of Soccer Daniel Moore (U13's) has arranged 17 general laws as below:

The General Rules of Soccer

Field of Play

The pitch must be a rectangle, marked with touchlines, goal lines and areas, spots, and arcs, corner arcs, and flag posts. It must be between 90-120m (100-131yd) long and between 45-90m (49-98yd) wide. For international football, the limits are 100-110m (109-120yd) and 64-75m (70-82yd) respectively.

 

The Ball

The ball must be made of approved materials. At the start of the game, it must have a diameter of 68-70m (27-28in), weigh between 410-450g (14-16oz), and have an internal pressure of between 0.6 and 1.1 atmospheres at sea level. It can only be changed by the referee. If it bursts during a game, play is stopped and restarted with a new drop ball.

 

Number of Players

A match consists of two teams of not more than 11 players, each including a goalkeeper. An outfield player may swap with the goalkeeper during a stoppage of play. Teams must have at least seven players to begin or continue a match. In official competitions, a maximum of three player substitutions may be made.

 

Players’ Equipment

Compulsory equipment for players are a shirt, shorts, socks, shin pads, and football boots. Goalkeepers must wear a strip that distinguishes them from their own team, their opponents, and the officials. Headgear is permitted if it does not present a threat to other players. Most forms of jewellery are not permitted.

 

The Referee

The referee is the final arbiter and interpreter of the rules. He decides whether a game can go ahead or not, and may stop play if a player requires medical treatment. He cautions players (yellow card), sends them off (red card), and is responsible for timekeeping, recordkeeping, and ensuring that all match equipment and strip is correct.

 

Assistant Referees

The assistant referees – formerly called linesman – support the referee, primarily by signalling for corner kicks, throw-ins, and offside infringements. They must also bring the referee’s attention to any other fouls or infringements that the referee may not have seen. However, the referee’s word is always final.

 

Duration of Match

There are two equal halves of 45 minutes of play. Additional time may be added – at the discretion of the referee – for injuries, substitutions, and time-wasting. Time can also be added to allow a penalty at the end of normal time. Rules covering extra time are made by national football associations.

 

Start/Restart of Play

A coin is tossed before the start of play; the winners choose ends for the first half and the losers kick off. The other team kicks off in the second half. The kick-off is taken from the centre spot and the ball must move into the oppositions’ half. All players must be in their own half, and the opposition must be at least 9.15m (10yd) away from the ball. The ball must be touched by a second player before the first player can touch it again.

 

Ball In and Out of Play

The ball is in play when it is inside the field of play and the referee has not stopped play. The ball is out of play when it has COMPLETELY crossed the touchlines or the goal lines, whether in the air or on the ground. If the ball rebounds off a goalpost, crossbar, corner flagpost, or the referee or one of the assistant referees, and remains in the field of play, it is still in play.

 

Method of Scoring

A goal is scored when the ball has COMPLETELY crossed the goal line between the goalposts and under the crossbar, provided that no other infringements have taken place. The team with the most goals wins. If both teams score the same number of goals, or if no goals are scored at all, the match is a draw.

 

Offside

A player is offside at the moment a ball is passed forward, when he is: in the opponents’ half of the field; is closer to the opponents’ goal line than the ball; and there are fewer than two defenders (including the goalkeeper) closer to the goal line than the attacking player. When a player is called offside, the opposition is awarded a free-kick. For an animated explanation see above.

 

Fouls and Misconduct

A foul has been committed if a player: trips, kicks, pushes, or charges another player recklessly; strikes, attempts to strike, or spits at an opponent; makes a tackle but connects with the player before the ball; deliberately handles the ball (goalkeepers in their area excepted); or obstructs an opponent or prevents them from releasing the ball.

 

Free-Kicks

Free-kicks restart play after a foul or infringement and are usually taken from the place from which the offence was committed. Free-kicks can be “direct”, in which the taker may score directly, or “indirect”, in which the taker and a second player from the same team must touch the ball before a goal can be scored.

 

Penalty-Kick

A penalty-kick is awarded for a foul committed by a defending player in his or her own penalty area. The kick is taken from the penalty spot and all other players – except for the goalkeeper and taker – must be at least 9.15m (10yd) from the spot. The taker may touch the ball after the ball is kicked and then touched by another player, including the goalkeeper, but it cannot just rebound off the post or crossbar.

 

The Throw-In

A throw-in is awarded when the ball has crossed the touchline and an opposition player was the last to touch it. The throw is taken from the point from which the ball crossed the line. The taker must have both feet on the ground, use two hands, throw the ball behind and over the head, and be facing the field of play.

 

Goal-Kick

A goal-kick is awarded to the defending team when the ball crosses its goal line, a goal has not been scored, and the last player to touch it was from the opposition. Any player on the defending team may take the goal kick, placing the ball anywhere in the goal area. The kick must send the ball out of the penalty area or be retaken. The taker may not touch the ball again until it has been touched by a second player.

 

Corner Kick

A corner is awarded to the attacking team when the opposition is the last to touch the ball and the ball crosses the goal line without a goal being scored. A corner is also awarded if the ball enters the goal from a throw-in or indirect free-kick. The attacking team restarts play by placing the ball in the corner arc nearest to where it crossed the goal line.

 

If everyone sticks to these rules, you should all have a great time!

Daniel J Moore